Which African Countries Speak Spanish?


Welcome to our comprehensive guide to the Spanish-speaking countries in Africa. In this article, we will provide you with detailed information about the history, culture, language, and geography of these countries. Our aim is to help you gain a better understanding of the unique characteristics of these nations and their people.


The presence of Spanish-speaking countries in Africa may come as a surprise to many people. However, the history of the relationship between Spain and Africa dates back to the 15th century. At that time, Spain established colonies in North Africa, including the cities of Ceuta and Melilla, which remain Spanish territories to this day. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Spain expanded its colonial presence to include territories in Equatorial Guinea and Western Sahara.

Equatorial Guinea

Equatorial Guinea is the only African country where Spanish is an official language. The country is located in Central Africa and consists of two main regions: the mainland, known as Rio Muni, and the island of Bioko. Spanish is spoken by about 67% of the population, making it the most widely spoken language in the country. Equatorial Guinea gained independence from Spain in 1968, but Spanish remains an important part of the country's identity and culture.

Western Sahara

Western Sahara is a disputed territory located in North Africa, bordered by Morocco to the north, Algeria to the northeast, and Mauritania to the east and south. The territory was colonized by Spain in the late 19th century, and it remained under Spanish control until 1975. Since then, the territory has been the subject of a long-standing dispute between Morocco and the Polisario Front, which seeks independence for the region. Spanish is still widely spoken in Western Sahara, particularly in the cities of Laayoune and Dakhla.

Spanish Influence on African Culture

The Spanish language and culture have had a significant impact on the African countries where they are present. In Equatorial Guinea, for example, Spanish has become an important part of the country's education system, with many schools offering instruction in both Spanish and the local languages. In Western Sahara, Spanish has influenced the country's music, art, and literature, with many artists and writers incorporating Spanish elements into their work.

In addition to language and culture, Spain has also had a significant economic impact on the African countries where it has had a presence. In Equatorial Guinea, for example, Spanish companies have played a major role in the development of the country's oil and gas industry. In Western Sahara, Spanish fishing companies have been accused of exploiting the region's natural resources.

The Spanish-speaking countries in Africa are a unique and fascinating part of the continent's history and culture. While they may be relatively small in terms of population and geography, they have had a significant impact on the African continent and the wider world. Whether you are interested in history, culture, or language, these countries offer a wealth of opportunities for exploration and discovery.

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